Telecommunications buildings house the various electrical supplies and systems that support communication technology. One example is a switching center, which handles all of the routing for a network. Most types of communication, including text messages and phone calls, travel through these centers before they reach the recipient. Another example is a call center — a building that handles a high level of incoming calls, often for customer service. Because of the heavy communication load, these buildings are usually designed to handle large amounts of cables, power, and computer equipment.
A data center is a building that’s designed specifically to handle large amounts of computer equipment. This might include servers, storage drives, and other IT equipment, such as firewalls and routers. These facilities often also handle data transmission, so they may use wireless or cabled systems for that purpose.
Because computers have highly specific maintenance requirements, data centers are carefully designed. In many cases, they feature thick floors that are engineered to handle the weight of heavy equipment — this is particularly true in server rooms, which consist of rows of tall server racks. Most data centers also feature sophisticated cooling systems that port the heat away from the computer equipment to prevent it from overheating. The electricity requirements for these buildings are unusually high, which means that they also have a heavy-duty power infrastructure. Most also have complex backup generators to ensure that the power and cooling systems stay online even in the case of a power outage.
There are many different types of data centers. Web hosting companies use them to store the data from client websites. Cloud and data storage companies use them for the same purpose. You might also see these facilities called cyber centers.
Because they have such stringent HVAC, construction, and power requirements, data centers are usually purpose built. Most have state-of-the-art fire-prevention systems, as well.
Warehouses are some of the most common types of industrial buildings. A warehouse is a building that’s used for storage. Usually, these buildings are very large — this allows plenty of space for shelving, palettes, and products. Many warehouses also allow space for small industrial machines, including forklifts, to move around.
A bulk warehouse is a special types of building that is designed to hold large quantities of products. Businesses often use these warehouses when they need to store items that are shipped in high quantities. This might include grain, gravel, or goods in barrels. A bulk warehouse is usually very large, and is often outfitted with loading docks. They may also include room for vehicles and retrieval machinery to move around.
A cold storage warehouse is exactly what it sounds like — a storage building that is kept at a specific temperature. This is common when you’re storing foods, including fruit, meat, and dairy products. Cold storage can mean refrigerated storage; it might also mean freezer storage. Given that different products have varying temperature requirements, cold warehouses require more complex logistics.
High-bay warehouses, which may also be called high-cube warehouses, are industrial storage buildings with a tall vertical height. Since these warehouses are taller than normal, they can offer a great deal of storage in a relatively small footprint. Given that the shelves in this type of building are usually too tall for forklift or manual access, high-bay facilities often use an automated retrieval system. These buildings may be standalone units, or they might be connected directly to your production facility.
Retail warehouses are hybrid industrial/commercial buildings. These are large warehouses that double as storage and a store — in fact, they’re also called warehouse stores. Retail warehouses often sell large quantities of products directly to customers. Since these types of buildings usually sell in bulk and work with limited staff, they can offer lower prices to customers.
A distribution center is a type of warehouse that stores products that are intended to be shipped to customers. These customers might be wholesale distributors, end consumers, or retail stores. Businesses store goods in the center only until they’re sent out to fulfill orders. As a result, they’re often built with numerous loading docks, and may also include packing areas.
Manufacturing facilities are buildings that are used to make products. They may also be used to assemble products from pre-manufactured components. Plants and factories are both common types. In a manufacturing building, most of the space is designated to production; the rest is usually used for offices, storage, or places to load shipping vehicles.